Bird Watching in Egypt: Soaring Through Millennia of Majestic Skies.

Egypt, a land known for its ancient pyramids, pharaohs, and the majestic Nile River, holds a treasure trove of natural wonders as well. Among these wonders is its incredible diversity of birdlife, making it a coveted destination for bird watchers and nature enthusiasts alike.

  1. Geographical Significance:

Situated at the crossroads of Africa and Asia, Egypt acts as a vital flyway for migratory birds. Each year, countless birds travel between their breeding grounds in Europe and Asia and their wintering habitats in Africa, passing directly over Egypt.

  1. Best Times for Bird Watching:

The migratory periods — spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) — are ideal times to visit. During these times, you can spot a variety of birds that are not typically residents of Egypt but are just passing through.

  1. Prime Locations:
  • Nile Delta: The wetlands of the Nile Delta, particularly around Lake Manzala and Lake Burullus, are havens for waterbirds, waders, and other aquatic species. The area is a key stopover for migrating birds like the White Pelican and Greater Flamingo.
  • Sinai Peninsula: For those with an adventurous spirit, the Sinai region offers a chance to see desert birds like the Sinai Rosefinch and the Hooded Wheatear.
  • Red Sea Coastal Areas: The mangroves and coastal areas are home to species like the Osprey, White-eyed Gull, and various terns and waders. The islands of the Red Sea also play host to breeding colonies of birds.
  • Aswan and the High Dam: The reservoir and surrounding areas attract an assortment of waterfowl and other birds, including the African Skimmer and the Senegal Thick-knee.
  • Eastern Desert: This region provides a habitat for the Crowned Sandgrouse, Desert Lark, and the elusive Pharaoh Eagle-Owl.
  1. Resident Treasures:

Apart from the migratory visitors, Egypt is home to some fascinating resident species. The Egyptian Vulture, Egyptian Nightjar, and, of course, the emblematic Sacred Ibis have historical and cultural significance in the country.

  1. Conservation Efforts:

Like many countries, Egypt grapples with environmental challenges, particularly habitat destruction and pollution. However, there have been increasing efforts to protect crucial habitats. National parks and protected areas, like the Wadi El Rayan Protected Area and the Nabq Managed Resource Protected Area, are instrumental in these conservation efforts. These initiatives not only preserve the diverse ecosystems but also act as focal points for bird watching.

  1. Tapping into Local Knowledge:

Local guides and ornithologists play a pivotal role in enriching the bird watching experience. They provide invaluable insights into the birds’ behaviors, calls, and habitats. The Egyptian Ornithological Society is a good starting point for those looking to connect with local experts.

  1. Tips for Bird Watching in Egypt:
  • Gear: A pair of binoculars and a field guide to the birds of North Africa are essentials.
  • Dress Appropriately: Light, breathable clothing for the hot days and a hat are recommended. Remember to dress modestly, keeping local customs in mind.
  • Stay Hydrated: The Egyptian sun can be relentless. Always carry water.
  • Respect the Habitat: Stick to designated paths, avoid disturbing nesting birds, and always leave no trace.


Bird watching in Egypt offers an experience that intertwines the rich tapestry of ancient history with the mesmerizing beauty of nature. As you traverse through the nation, from its bustling cities to its serene deserts, the birds of Egypt act as winged storytellers, whispering tales of epochs gone by and reminding us of nature’s timeless splendor.