Amazing Citadel of Salah al-Din is 1 of the oldest places.

History of Citadel Construction

Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi began the construction of this castle on the Mokattam mountain (572-579 AH / 1171-1193 AD) in a place that was known as the Air Dome, but he did not complete it in his life, and Sultan Al-Kamil bin Al-Adil completed it “604 AH / 1207 AD”, he was the first to inhabit it and made it a home. The king, and remained the seat of Egyptian rule until Khedive Ismail’s reign, when the seat of government was moved to Abdeen Palace in the Khedivial Cairo area in the mid-nineteenth century.

Although the construction of the Castle of the Mountain (Salah al-Din Castle) was completed in 1184, Salah al-Din’s wall remained only an outline on paper until the beginning of 1238. The castle has two distinct sectors. The first is located on the northern side and is rectangular in shape, with walls on the northern and eastern sides. It was constructed under the reigns of both “Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi” and his brother, “Al-Malik al-Adil”. It served as a military garrison due to its round and square towers.The southwestern sector of the castle houses the Palace of Government and the governor’s residence.

The Citadel of Salah al-Din Cairo in the Arab state of Egypt, or the Citadel of the Mountain. As it is known to the public, is undoubtedly one of the most famous Islamic historical monuments in Cairo.

The contents of the castle from the inside

The castle abounds with many antiquities that dates back to different Islamic eras, which transformed it from just a fortified fortress that was used to defend the city in case of any attack to a complete city that contained mosques, fountains, palaces, offices, military factories, a workshop for the covering of the Kabba, military and civil schools, and other installations that distinguished the Citadel of Salah al-Din from other castles that has been built in the middle ages in the world.

Muhammad Ali Mosque

The Muhammad Ali Mosque is located within the Citadel of Salah al-Din, and was built by Muhammad Ali in 1848. This mosque was called the Alabaster Mosque, referring to the marble slabs that covered its interior walls. It was also called Alabaster Mosque which is one of the types of marble used in construction, also There is inside this Moeshea the tomb of Muhammad Ali.

Who was Mohamed Aly?

Muhammad Ali was born in Greece but he is one from Egypt’s rulers that the history and the historians have told to us a lot about him. He ruled Egypt for 43 years from 1805 to 1848, he was a military commander who came to Egypt to recover it from the French occupation under Napoleon, and after Napoleon withdrawal, because the British forced him, Muhammad Ali became the ruler of Egypt and gained the rank of Pasha which was the highest official title of honor in the Ottoman Empire, during his reign over Egypt he made a lot of reforms and developments in a lot of fields like education, industry, agriculture, and economy, as a result of that he has been called the “father of modern Egypt”. On 2nd August 1849, Muhammad Ali Pasha died in Ras Al-Tin Palace in Alexandria leaving behind him a history that is full of events and he buried inside his Mosque in Salah El-Din Citadel.

History of Mosque

Muhammad Ali Mosque was built in a unique Ottoman architectural style and opened in 1848. It is located on the highest point of Salah El-Din Citadel. From the inside, the mosque is divided into two sections: the eastern section, known as the house of prayer, and the western section, known as the courtyard. The construction of this mosque was inspired by Turkish mosques because it was designed by architect Yusuf Boshnak, who was from Turkey. The main material used in the mosque’s construction is limestone. The mosque has two minbars and six medallions around its dome, which include the names of Allah (God) and Mohamed (the Prophet), as well as the names of the four rightly guided Caliphs, namely Abou Bakr, Omar, Othman, and Ali.

The capital that you must visit when you visit Egypt. It is also one of the most beautiful and rare ancient forts. At the beginning of your arrival at the site of the castle with your family or friends. Get an exploratory tour of all its unparalleled advantages all over the world to know the place. In addition, you can visit the Military Museum near Salah El-Din Citadel in Cairo to see all its unique interior contents such as traditional weapons such as spears and arrows and many more. As for the conclusion of your tourism program in all respects, do not forget to go to the charming and charming ancient mosque of Muhammad Ali, because it will impress you greatly.

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